Heavy metals phytoremediation from urban waste leachate by the common reed (phragmites Australis)

Amin Mojiri, Hamidi Abdul Aziz, Ramlah Mohd Tajuddin, Shahin Gavanji, Ali Gholami

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

  • 2 Citations

Abstract

The use of plants for remediation of soils and waters contaminated with heavy metals has gained acceptance in the past two decades as a cost-effective and noninvasive technique. In this study, the effectiveness of Common Reed for phytoremediation of heavy metals from municipal waste leachate was investigated. The plants were transplanted into pots containing 10 L of mixed urban waste leachate and water (mixed 80 percentages of waste leachate with 20 % of water; V:V) and aerated during experiments. Central composite design (CCD) and response surface methodology (RSM) were used in order to clarify the nature of the response surface in the experimental design and explain the optimal conditions of the independent variables. In the optimum conditions, the amount of removed Fe, Mn, Cu, and Ni were 25.049, 9.623, 6.112, and 0.900 mg/kg, and Translocation Factor (TF) in 24, 48, and 72 h experiment were 0.47, 0.45, 0.34, 0.38, 1.17, 0.89, 0.69, 0.42, 1.30, 1.12, 1.10, and 1.01 for each heavy metal (Fe, Mn, Cu, and Ni), respectively. The findings showed that Phragmites australis is an effective accumulator plant for phytoremediation of these metals.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhytoremediation
Subtitle of host publicationManagement of Environmental Contaminants, Volume 2
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages75-81
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9783319109695
ISBN (Print)9783319109688
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Environmental Biodegradation
Phragmites australis
phytoremediation
leachates
Heavy Metals
leachate
heavy metals
heavy metal
Water
soil remediation
Remediation
response surface methodology
experimental design
water
translocation
Design of experiments
remediation
Research Design
Soil
experiment

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Mojiri, A., Aziz, H. A., Tajuddin, R. M., Gavanji, S., & Gholami, A. (2015). Heavy metals phytoremediation from urban waste leachate by the common reed (phragmites Australis). In Phytoremediation: Management of Environmental Contaminants, Volume 2 (pp. 75-81). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10969-5_7

Heavy metals phytoremediation from urban waste leachate by the common reed (phragmites Australis). / Mojiri, Amin; Aziz, Hamidi Abdul; Tajuddin, Ramlah Mohd; Gavanji, Shahin; Gholami, Ali.

Phytoremediation: Management of Environmental Contaminants, Volume 2. Springer International Publishing, 2015. p. 75-81.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Mojiri, A, Aziz, HA, Tajuddin, RM, Gavanji, S & Gholami, A 2015, Heavy metals phytoremediation from urban waste leachate by the common reed (phragmites Australis). in Phytoremediation: Management of Environmental Contaminants, Volume 2. Springer International Publishing, pp. 75-81. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10969-5_7
Mojiri A, Aziz HA, Tajuddin RM, Gavanji S, Gholami A. Heavy metals phytoremediation from urban waste leachate by the common reed (phragmites Australis). In Phytoremediation: Management of Environmental Contaminants, Volume 2. Springer International Publishing. 2015. p. 75-81 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10969-5_7
Mojiri, Amin ; Aziz, Hamidi Abdul ; Tajuddin, Ramlah Mohd ; Gavanji, Shahin ; Gholami, Ali. / Heavy metals phytoremediation from urban waste leachate by the common reed (phragmites Australis). Phytoremediation: Management of Environmental Contaminants, Volume 2. Springer International Publishing, 2015. pp. 75-81
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