Properties and thermal analysis of upgraded palm kernel shell and Mukah Balingian coal

Razi Ahmad, Mohd Azlan Mohd Ishak, Nur Nasulhah Kasim, Khudzir Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study describes the effect on properties of palm kernel shell (PKS) and Mukah Balingian (MB) coal by thermal pretreatment. The PKS and MB coal were torrefied and preheated, respectively in a fixed-bed reactor at different temperatures. The pretreated samples were analysed for mass and energy yield, proximate, ultimate and functional group analysis. The thermal and kinetic studies of the upgraded materials were conducted using thermogravimetric analyser (TGA). The results showed that the properties of pretreated samples were improved with increasing heating temperature. The oxygen content and O/C ratio of upgraded samples were decreased by increasing the heating temperature. The reduction of oxygenated peak in the functional group analysis indicates that the thermal pretreatment has cleaved the oxygen and hydrogen bonding. The upgraded PKS at torrefaction temperature of 270 °C demonstrated that activation energy of 100.34 kJ/mol with the highest mean reactivity of 0.86. MB coal at preheated temperature of 250 °C showed activation energy of 122.35 kJ/mol with the highest mean reactivity of 0.063. Thus, from the analysis of upgraded samples, the torrefied PKS at 270 °C and preheated MB coal at 250 °C demonstrated a good quality feedstock to be used in thermal conversion such as in co-gasification.

LanguageEnglish
Pages538-547
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy
Volume167
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2019

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Thermoanalysis
Coal
Functional groups
Temperature
Activation energy
Heating
Oxygen
Gasification
Feedstocks
Hydrogen bonds
Kinetics
Hot Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Properties and thermal analysis of upgraded palm kernel shell and Mukah Balingian coal. / Ahmad, Razi; Ishak, Mohd Azlan Mohd; Kasim, Nur Nasulhah; Ismail, Khudzir.

In: Energy, Vol. 167, 15.01.2019, p. 538-547.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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